Amenhotep III Facts | Tutankhamun’s Family
On the western bank of the Nile, across from the Eastern bank city of Luxor, the scale of the site of Kom el-Hettan, the mortuary temple of Amenhotep III, attests to the reign of Tutankhamun’s grandfather—the golden age of Egypt.
Who was Amenhotep III?
Amenhotep III was the son and successor of Thutmose IV, who, like his grandson Tutankhamun ascended the throne at a very young age.
Who was Amenhotep III married to?
Early in his reign Amenhotep III married Tiy, who originated from Akhmīm in the south of Egypt; she was the favoured wife of the king during his thirty-eight-year reign.
Was Amenhotep III a good ruler?
Amenhotep III reign wasa period of peaceful prosperity, which Egypt did not experience again until the reign of Ramses II, and was one which resulted in unprecedented artistic development.Monuments glorifying Amenhotep III, his reign, and the gods, were constructedall over Egypt. Amongst the most famous, in addition to the funerary temple at Kom el-Hettan and its famous colossi, is the Luxor Temple, which was completed by Ramses II. Amenhotep III, like the kings who preceded and succeeded him, also implemented a building programme at Karnak, where he embellished the temple of Amon-Re. In Nubia, the temples of Soleb and Sedeinga, devoted respectively to Amenhotep III, who was deified during his lifetime, and his wife Tiy, are monumental attestations to Egypt’s presence to the south of its borders. The two temples may have inspired those of Ramses II and his wife Nefertari at Abu Simbel, which were built decades later.
Amongst the king’s most prominent high officials and courtiers, a certain Amenhotep, the son of Hapu, who was very close to Amenhotep III, went down in history. As architect and ‘director of all the king’s works’, Amenhotep, son of Hapu, built the Colossi of Memnon and probably directed the construction of Amenhotep III’s funerary temple. He was such an important figure that Amenhotep III granted him the right to construct his own small funerary temple on the western bank of Thebes, an honour that was usually only reserved for the pharaohs. It is probably for these reasons that, centuries later, during the Late Period and even during the Ptolemaic era, Amenhotep, son of Hapu, was deified along with other great figures in Pharaonic history, such as Imhotep, the architect of the step pyramid built at the necropolis of Ṣaqqārah.
What was Amenhotep III known for?
Under Amenhotep III, the statuary also became diverse. New types appeared, in both the royal and private spheres, and a taste for refined details in clothing, wigs, and finery developed. Crockery and luxury toiletry items, such as the famous cosmetic spoons in the form of female swimmers, in carved wood, were used by the living and accompanied the deceased in their tombs. Taking advantage of the lasting peace with the neighbouring countries in the Near East, consolidated through marriages with foreign princesses, Amenhotep III’s Egypt increased trade and imported rare products, which were transported along the coast of the Levant.
What years did Amenhotep III rule?
Amenhotep III (1386-1349 BC) ruled during the 18th Dynasty (1570-1293 BC) for around 40 years.
How do you pronounce Amenhotep III?
How did Amenhotep III die?
The causes of Amenhotep III’s death are not known. It is possible that the king died after a long illness, which may explain his deep devotion to the lioness goddess Sekhmet; hundreds of granite statues of the goddess were found in the Theban area, and she was known for her great healing power.
Where was Amenhotep III buried?
Amenhotep III was buried in a valley—the Western Valley—not far from the Valley of the Kings. Queen Tiy survived her husband and lived to see one of her sons ascend the throne—the young Amenhotep IV (later known as Akhenaten), Tutankhamun’s father.
Who was Tutankhamun’s father?
Amenhotep IV (later known as Akhenaten) was Tutankhamun’s father.
Experience the mystery of Ancient Egypt yourself. TUTANKHAMUN: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh is presented by Viking Cruises and will be at the Saatchi Gallery in London from 2 November 2019 – 3 May 2020. With more than 150 authentic artefacts from the boy king’s tomb on their final world tour before they return to Egypt, this is a must-see cultural event.
Author of this article is Renaud Pietri.
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